Shobyoga, paintings on sliding  doors; fusuma, and freestanding folding screens, BYOBU, while not unique to Japan, were
 developed into major formats for painting in the Momoyama  and Tokugawa periods. Over [a] foundation  of wood, pieces of 
 paper  are pasted to  build up a  backing  that can   support the surface,  usually  paper,  but  occasionally silk, on which a
 painting has been executed. Each fusuma door is provided with an outer frame, usually black lacquered wood; and a metal 
 handhold near one edge, enabling the door to be pushed back and forth without damaging the painted surface.
panels  are narrower than fusuma and are joined together with a complicated system of hinges;  The  perimeter of
 the  whole is framed,  usually with wood that is   lacquered black. During the  Momoyama period, byobu and fusuma came
 into  wide  use  in  residential  architecture   for  the  nobility,  the  daimyo  and  samurai,   and  wealthy  townsmen,  and in
 conjunction with this there developed a new aesthetic of bright colors, including gold and silver paint on a ground of gold leaf
 or occasionally silver leaf. It has been suggested that gold leaf became popular because it reflected and  augmented the dim
 light in castles. Another theory is that specific landscape screens using gold leaf and bright colors were intended to suggest
 the  gold  and jeweled environment of Amida's Western Paradise.  While  both of  these conjectures are justifiable,  it is also
 true  that  gold grounds were  a natural   expression of the sudden  affluence of the Momoyama period.  Japanese gold leaf is
 known to be the thinnest in the world, and the technique for making it is labor intensive.


court1.JPG (127506 bytes)                    ap_People_Back_Rm.JPG (25810 bytes)                    court1Rev.JPG (98849 bytes)  
 Front                                                                                                                     Reverse   


"Waterfall w/ Moon and Maples"  each panel  80 x 24 inches   2000

Waterfall_Frontv.JPG (119180 bytes)                    Waterfall_Front_Rm.JPG (34993 bytes)                    Waterfall_Rev_Kingfish.JPG (101384 bytes)
 Front                                                                                                                             Reverse


"Abstract Arrangement W/ Circles"  each panel  80 x 24 inches   2001

AbStract_Front.JPG (103534 bytes)                       AbStract_Reverse.JPG (93539 bytes)
Front                                           Reverse


Dragonfly and Bellflowers" (Red Version)  each panel 80 x 32 inches  2001

dragon_fronta2.JPG (135958 bytes)                    ap_dragon_back_Rm2.JPG (29037 bytes)                    ap_dragon_back2.JPG (82474 bytes)
     Front                                                                                                                      Reverse

  3 Panel one sided Screen OR Triptych  80 x 78 inches

4Panel_Pubhig.JPG (63606 bytes)
  Four Panel one sided screen  2002
  EACH PANEL: 80" X 14"

                                                                                                                                      . . .

The Following Two Panels are variations of existing work computer
  constructed as recommendations for upcoming commissioned projects.  


   Singled Sided  "Screens" may also be viewed / installed as Triptych Paintings
each panel 80 x 24 inches:  overall  80 x 73 inches      

Tri__DkCir_BlosWater_.JPG (43086 bytes)                      tri_kingCt_DoubleNaz.JPG (37900 bytes)
 Triptych View #1                                           Triptych View #2



HeadBoard1.JPG (214345 bytes)                                                               threeSqure.2.JPG (67562 bytes)
 Wall Mounted Headboard   2001                          Cherry Blossoms W/ New Moon   2001                 Design No. 3C-01
                   36 x 80 inches                                                  60 x 48 Inches                                     80 x36 inches


Six Basic Categories of Trompe L'Oeil

In Architecture:
 Faux moldings: details such as moldings, columns, and niches.
Grisalle: French for "shades of gray", Ornamentation.
Polychrome ornaments: Same as grisalle but using colors.

Fine Art:
Murals:  are large scale trompe l'oeil, combining three dimensional
architectural elements with landscape/figures.
Trompe l'Oeil marquetry:  both stone and wood are used instead of paint.
Trompe L'Oeil paintings:  fine art still life incorporating trompe l'oeil  techniques.

Trompe L'oeil- pronounced:   trump-loy, translated from French means  "to
 deceive the eye".  It is a technique used by [still life] artists to trick
the viewer into believing that the objects that he is looking at are real.
As trompe l'oeil artists it is our goal to give the impression of depth
where there is none and to give the impression of volume where there is only area.

The trompe l'oeil tradition in painting is rooted in antiquity. From the
Natural History by Pliny the Elder, we have descriptions of the use
of this technique...




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